Optimizing productive use of water in crop-livestock systems in semi-arid areas of Southern Africa and the Blue Nile basin
The aim of this project is to optimize the productive use of water to increase incomes and improve the environment within crop-livestock systems in the semi-arid areas of Southern Africa and the Blue Nile Basin. Zimbabwe and Ethiopia exemplify the situation in these areas, where water scarcity is a principle constraint and available water is used ineffectively, partly because livestock are poorly managed and continue to be ignored in water policy decisions and development programs. Researchers will focus on biophysical optimization and resource governance, and apply a water productivity framework (suitable for crop-livestock systems) to diagnose entry points for intervention. Results will be used to develop a set of technically feasible, socially appealing, and institutionally sustainable options and promote these among policymakers, managers and farmers via workshops, field visits, targeted technical publications and manuals.